ලංකාවේ ලැගුම්හල්වල අරුම පුදුම නීති, රීති සහ සම්ප්‍රදායයන්


ලංකාවේ ලැගුම්හල්වල ඇත්තේ අරුම පුදුම නීති, රීති සහ සම්ප්‍රදායයන්ය. මේවා මොන කෙහෙල්මලක් නිසා ඇතිවූයේදැයි කියා කීමට බැරිය. බෝහොමයක් නීති පුහු සුචරිතවාදය නිසාය. අනික මේ නීති කුඩා ලැගුම්හල් වලට පමණය. ඒවාද කිසිම වැදගැම්මක් ඇති නීති නොවේය.

  • මම විවාහ වූ අලුත බිරිඳ සමග අනුරාධපුරේ ලැගුම්හලකට ගියේ දීර්ඝ මෝටර්සයිකල් සවාරියකින් පසු හොඳටම හෙම්බත්වීය. ලැගුම්හළට ඇතුල්වූ පසු එහි සිටි කොලුවා කීවේ නවතින්න දෙන්නේ “කපල් වලට” පමණක් කියාය. මම කිව්වෙ “අපිත් කපල් එකක් තමා” කියාය. එවිට ඔහු කීවේ “නෑ නෑ සර් කසාද බැඳපු කපල් වලට විතරයි” කියාය. මම කීවේ “ඉතිං අපිත් කසාද බැඳපු කපල් එකක් තමා” කියාය. එවිට ඔහු කීවේ එය විශ්වාස කළ නොහැකි බවයි. මම ඔහුට කීවේ යන යන තැන කසාද සහතිකය ලැමිනේට් කරගෙන යන සිරිතක් අපට තියා අරාබි රටකවත් ඇතැයි මම හිතන්නේ නැති බවය. එවිට ඔහු කීවේ කසාද බැඳ ඇතිනම් බබෙක් සිටිය යුතු බවය. එවිට මම කීවේ කසාද බැඳ සති දෙක තුනකින් බබ්බු හම්බවෙන්න තරම් අකරතැබ්බක් වී අප කසාද නොබැන්ද බවය. කෙසේ හෝ අන්තිමේදී යහළුවකුට කතාකර, ඇය මාර්ගයෙන් අප කසාද බැඳ ඇති බව තහවුරු කරනකල්ම අපිට කාමරයක් නොලැබුණි.
  • තවත් දිනක දුර බැහැර සිට පොළොන්නරුවට තනිවම පැමිණ නතරවීමට ලැගුම්හලකට ගොඩවැදුනෙමි. මැනේජර් උතුමාණන් මට කැමති කාමරයක් තෝරාගන්නා ලෙස කීවේය. මම කාමර සියල්ලටම ගොස් බැලූවිට පෙනුණේ ඒවා සියල්ලම විශාල “ඩබල් බෙඩ්” සහිත කාමර බවයි. මම මැනේජර් උතුමාට කීවේ මම තනිවම සිටින නිසා තනි ඇඳක් සහිත කාමරයක් ප්‍රමාණවත් බවය. එවිට ඔහු කීවේ කාමර දෙන්නේ කපල් වලට විතරක් බවය. මට බොහෝ මහන්සි නිසා වෙනත් ලැගුම්හලකට යාමට අපහසු නිසා ඩබල් බෙඩ් සහිත කාමරයක නතරවී සම්පූර්ණ කාමර ගාස්තුවම මම ගෙවීමට සූදානම් බවයි. එහෙත් ඔහු කීවේ එය කිසිසේත් කළ නොහැකි බවයි. මට වෙනත් ලැගුම්හලකට යාමට සිදුවිය.
  • තවත් දිනක දුරබැහැර ලැගුම්හලකට තනිවම ගියවිට මැනේජර් කිව්වේ තනි පිරිමින්ට කාමර දීමට විශේෂ ලයිසන් එකක් ගතයුතු බවත් තමන්ට එම ලයිසන් එකක් නැති බවත්ය. ඒ නිසා මට වෙනත් “පිරිමින්ට ලයිසන් තියෙන” ලැගුම්හලකට යාමට සිදුවිය.
  • අද රෑත් මම ඉන්නේ ජා ඇළ ලැගුම්හලක කාමරයකය. මෙයනම් අමුතුම ලැගුම්හලකි. මැනේජර් කොලූවා කීවේ මම කාන්තාවකද සහිතව නවතිනවානම් එක රැයකට කාමරය රුපියල් 1000කට ලබාදිය හැකි බවත් තනියම නතරවෙනවා නම් කාමරයට රුපියල් 2000ක් අයකරන බවයි. මේ නීති මටනම් නොතේරේ. අනික මිල අඩුවෙන් ගෙවීම සඳහා කාන්තාවක් සමග නතර වීමට තරම් මට අහේනියක්ද අහවල් එකේ අමාරුවක්ද නැත. අනික මම ඉතාම ගරු කරන මට ඉංග්‍රීසි ඉගැන්වූ ගුරුවරයකු වූ මිහින්තලේ මහේන්ද්‍ර ඉලංගසිංහ මහතා මට ඉගැන්වූ ‘A night with Venus, a lifetime with Mercury’ ‍යන වැකිය මම කිසිදාක අමතක නොකරමි.

ලැගුම්වල මේ නීති, රීති හෝ සම්ප්‍රදායන් ගැන මට කිසිසේත්ම තේරුම් ගැනීමට නොහැක. සමහරවිට මෙවැනි දේ ගැන සමාජ විද්‍යාත්මක ඇසකින් බලන අජිත් පැරකුම් ජයසිංහ හෝ යම් පැහැදිලි කිර්‍රිමක් කළොත් හොඳයැයි සිතේ.

(මේ ලිපිය ලිවීමේදී මට මාතලන්ගේ භාෂා විලාසය ආවේ කොහොමදැයි මටද තේරුම්ගත නොහැක. මාතලන් ඒ පිළිබඳව අමනාප නොවේ යැයි සිතේ.)

Diplomatic Incident Involving the Swiss Embassy


Swiss Embassy in Sri Lanka

By Nanda Wanninayaka

I don’t know what REALLY happened with the Sri Lankan employee who worked at the Swiss Embassy in Colombo. Nobody will ever know, would they? The embassy says one of their local employees was kidnapped, detained and was questioned for good two hours and then let go. But the Government of Sri Lanka says that there is no clue about such an incident after their thorough investigations. We know that our Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is not the FBI nor the Scotland Yard, but the victim has to assist the CID to continue their investigations to bring the culprits to the book. But it looks extremely impossible with the way the things go and if the said employee and her family are taken out of the embassy to board a plane to Switzerland, this would become an extreme diplomatic incident that can damage the relationship between the two countries.

A Sri Lankan Passport

Without going any further with this, I would write down how my students and I were treated by foreign missions in Sri Lanka when we wanted to travel to certain countries.

  1. My first travel abroad was to China (assisted by a US project) in the year 2000. Once I went to the Chinese embassy the Chinese employee at the embassy told me that my destination in China was not to a hotel but some government office. I had to reiterate that the destination was correct before he granted to process the visa application. (Apparently, the place I stayed in China was a government building related to some scientific affairs and there were enough star-class rooms and a restaurant to entertain 1000 odd visitors from different parts of the world. (I think all these embassy people follow the espionage missions’ “Suspect Everyone” method when granting visas.
  • My second trip was to Egypt in 2000 to attend a regional event organized by the same organization that organized the above-mentioned event in China. The Egyptian embassy man at the gate didn’t even open the door but talked to me in a very rude manner as if I was some criminal. But the visa was approved later. (In most cases, it is these minor staffers who tarnish the names of their countries but we cannot believe that the higher officials are unaware of these.)
  • My third overseas tour was to the USA and the visa was provided with the help of the US State Department and I had no problem at all in getting my visa as Ms. Chulie de Silva (a local official at the American Center) who knew about my work assisted me getting it. But I was detained for some time as the immigration officer in the New York Airport kept asking about a document I never knew I had in my possession. I was asked to find it in my luggage and I had to open up all the stuff in my luggage but it was not to be found. Later I found it among the documents I already handed over to the officer and he sincerely apologized for his mistake.
  • My next visit was to Italy with 3 young students of Horizon Academy – Mahawilachchiya and the Sri Lankan visa officer in the Italian Embassy did not even give us visa application forms to proceed with visas. His argument was that I would not return and will stay in Italy as many other Sri Lankans do. This was a ridiculous argument because I had already been to the USA by then and if I wanted, to be an illegal immigrant, the USA must have been the best option. I never want to become an illegal immigrant even during the most trying conditions I faced in Sri Lanka. The 3 kids had obtained passports and even had bought warm clothes to wear during that cold season in Italy. If the visa officer’s concern was the three kids’ security, I could easily arrange a chaperone for them to travel. But he was arrogant and did not even provide us the visa applications. So, the three kids lost their chance of traveling to Italy with all the expenses paid by the sponsors.
  • I visited Japan twice and at the interview for the visa, I never saw the Sri Lankan visa officer but could only hear her voice as she spoke to the interviewee from behind some screen where she could see me and I couldn’t see her. I don’t know why they do it. Do they treat all Sri Lankans like rogues?
  • Two students and a lady teacher from my organization (Horizon Lanka Foundation) were invited by a Delhi-based Indian organization to do a presentation and we submitted the visa applications at the last minute as one of the students could not find the money needed to buy the flight ticket. (The expenses were to be reimbursed upon arrival to India.) But the Indian visa center that has been outsourced the visa process was very helpful and did not let our team down. They ensured they get the visas without any trouble. So my team could visit India without me having to travel with them.
  • I planned to visit Ecuador two years ago to volunteer as a teacher of English and after I submitted all the documents properly to the visa center. The Ecuadorian visa was to be obtained on arrival in Ecuador. For some reason, the organization that sponsored my trip had selected a flight route to Ecuador via Amsterdam, Holland. After submitting my papers, the visa center that dealt with the so-called “Schengen” visas turned down my request and handed me over a letter saying that I would disappear in the Amsterdam airport and seek a job in the Netherlands!!! I needed a transit visa in Amsterdam only for 3-4 hours till I caught the next flight to Ecuador. The other friend of mine who went to Ecuador via the same route for the same purpose around a few weeks ago was a Tamil guy from Batticaloa and he said, “Most of the embassy officials are Tamils in Sri Lanka and they favor only Tamils. This might be the reason for the denial of your transit visa.” Till that, I thought this was only a rumor but I understood it was a lot more than just a rumor.
  • I was to send a female student with a female teacher from Horizon Academy – Mahawilachchiya to South Africa for a conference. Since the invitation letter from the event organizers came from a Gmail account, not an account with the organization’s domain, the South African High Commission in Colombo hesitated to grant them visas. Fair enough. Still, the local and the South African High Commission officers were very supportive and gave us the visas at the last moment but the lady teacher from our organization hesitated to go since it was her overseas tour and was not comfortable at the 11th hour. That was our fault, not theirs. I can say that the South African High Commission in Colombo was the best foreign mission I have dealt with so far and they are very efficient and people-friendly.

If you can remember, most of the embassies in Sri Lanka treated the local people like trash until recent times. We had to be in long ques in the hot sun or torrential rains outside the embassies without any shelter. The government of Sri Lanka did nothing until some people raised the issue in the local newspapers. Now the treatments are better and still, there is a lot to change in this regard.

So, I wrote this to tell you how foreign missions treat Sri Lankans and we should make use of the present issue with the Swiss embassy to make things right. The late president Mr. Ranasinghe Premadasa had an issue with H. E. Mr. David Gladstone, the British High Commissioner to Sri Lanka by interfering into internal issues and he was ordered to leave Sri Lanka. I don’t say the same should happen in the light of the present diplomatic incident but the West has to learn a lesson too when interfering with the internal issues. Instead, we should try solving this type of incident amicably without risking too much.

T. M. G. චන්ද්‍රසේකර – රැවුලත් කැඳත් දෙකම බේරාගත් අපේ කාලයේ අපූරු මාධ්‍යවේදියා


T. M. G. චන්ද්‍රසේකර

මේ කෙටි සටහන තබන්නට සිතුවේ ජාතික රූපවාහිනියේ ප්‍රවෘත්ති අධ්‍යක්ෂ ලෙස සේවය කළ මෑතකදී විශ්‍රාම ගිය මාධ්‍යවේදියකු සිහිකිරීම සඳහා. නමින් T. M. G. චන්ද්‍රසේකර වුවත් අපි සැවොම ඔහුව හඳුනන්නේ TMG නමින්. රජයේ මාධ්‍ය ආයතනයක රැකියාව කරමින් රැකියාව සහ වෘත්තීය ගෞරවය දෙකම ආරක්ෂා කරගැනීම පහසු කටයුත්තක් නෙවෙයි. ඒත් TMG මේ දෙකම සමබර කරගත්තේ ඇතැම්විට බොහෝ දේවල් අවදානමට තබමින්.

ඔහුව අපි මුලින්ම හඳුනාගත්තේ ජාතික රූපවාහිනිය හරහා. ඉනුත් ඔහුගේ රුව සහ හඬ අප අතර මතක සිටියේ සජීවී සාකච්ඡා තුළින්. මගේ මතකය නිවැරදිනම් TMG අප මුලින්ම දැක්කේ තොරතුරු තාක්ෂණය එතරම් රටේ ප්‍රචලිත නොවූ කළෙක “අන්තර්ජාලය ඔබේ නිවසට” නම් ඉතාම සරල බසකින් ඔහු ඉදිරිපත්කළ වැඩසටහනින්. එකළ අපි අන්තර්ජාලය ගැන කිසිම දැනුමක් නැතිව සිටි අවධියක්. ඔහු ඉහත කී වැඩසටහන ඉදිරිපත්කළ සරළ සහ මිත්‍රශීලී බව නිසාම තරුණ වියේ තොරතුරු පිපාසයෙන් සිටි අප වැන්නන් පමණක් නොව සමාජයේ විවිධ පැතිකඩවලට අන්තර්ජාලය සමීප කිරීමට ඔහු දායක වූයේ චානුක වත්තේගම ප්‍රධාන කතෘත්වය දැරූ “විජය පරිගණක” හා සමානව දායකත්වයක්.

ඉන් පසුව අපිට TMG නැවතත් හමුවන්නේ ඔහු ජාතික රූපවාහිනිය හරහා එවකට ජනාධිපතිණිය වූ චන්ද්‍රිකා කුමාරතුංග මැතිණිය කිහිපවරක්ම සම්මුඛ සාකච්ඡාවට භාජනය කිරීමෙන්. ඔහු ප්‍රවීණ මාධ්‍යවේදී පාලිත පෙරේරා මෙන්ම උපක්‍රමශීලී ලෙස මතභේදයට ලක්වුණු කරුණු සම්බන්ධයෙනුත් ඇයව ප්‍රශ්න කළ අවස්තාවන් තිබුණා. එවකට තිබුණු මාධ්‍ය නිදහසේ සීමාවන් තුළ රැඳෙමින්, රජයේ මාධ්‍ය ආයතනයක් වන ජාතික රූපවාහිනිය තුළින් එවැන්නක් කිරීම තරමක අභියෝගයක්.

මුලිනුත් කී පරිදි රාජ්‍ය මාධ්‍ය ආයතනයක දිගු කාලයක් රැකියාව සහ වෘත්තීය ගරුත්වය රැක ගැනීම අප වැනි රටවල මාධ්‍යකරුවන්ට බියකරු සිහිනයක් බව අළුතෙන් කියන්නට ඕන නැහැ. මෙහි භයානකත්වය TMG අත්වින්දේ නොහික්මුණු කැබිනට් ඇමතිවරයකු වූ මර්වින් සිල්වා රූපවාහිනී පරිශ්‍රයට ඔහුගේ මැරයන් සමග බලෙන් කඩාවැදී TMGට ඉතාම නිර්ලජ්ජිත ලෙස පහරදුන් අවස්තාවේ. ඔහුට පහරදීමට හේතු වූයේ ඇමතිවරයා දේශපාලන වේදිකාවකදී කළ නරුම කතාවක් ප්‍රවෘත්ති ප්‍රකාශය අතරදී විකාශය නොකළ නිසා. මාධ්‍ය සදාචාරය ඉහළින් සලකන ඔහු වැන්නෙකුට එවැනි කතා විකාශය නොකර සිටීමට ශුද්ධවූ අයිතියක් තිබුණා. එම නින්දිත ප්‍රහාරයේදී රූපවාහිනියේ ලොකු කුඩා සැවොම ඔහුගේ පාර්ශවය ගෙන අදාල ඇමතිවරයාට ප්‍රතිප්‍රහාර එල්ල කළේ ඉන් ලැබිය හැකි භයානක ප්‍රතිපළද අමතක කරමින්.

TMG රූපවාහිනියට සම්බන්ධවුණේ 1995දී. ඔහු කැලණිය විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයේ දර්ශනය පිළිබඳ විශේෂ උපාධියක් ලබා පසුව එම විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයෙන්ම ජනමාධ්‍ය සම්බන්ධ උසස් උපාධිදරයෙක් ලෙසත් අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබුවා. පසුව ඔහු ටෙලිවිෂන් මාධ්‍යයේ විවිධ අංශවල ඔහුගේ නිර්මාණාත්මක හැකියාවන් උරගා බැලුවා. අවුරුදු 24ක අඛණ්ඩ, විශිෂ්ට සේවයකින් පසු රූපවාහිනියෙන් විශ්‍රාම ගිය ඔහු මේ වන විට ඔහු ශ්‍රී ලංකා තොරතුරු හා සන්නිවේදන තාක්ෂණ නියෝජිතායතනයේ සන්නිවේදනය සඳහා උපායමාර්ග පිළිබඳ විශේෂඥයකු වශයෙන් සේවය කරනවා.

රූපවාහිනිය TMG චන්ද්‍රසේකර ගැන කළ විඩියෝ වැඩසටහනක්

මට TMGව හමුවුණේ ඔහු මම සහ මගේ සිසුසිසුවියන් කිහිප දෙනෙකු 2002දී ඔහු සමග කළ සජීවී රූපවාහිනී සාකච්ඡාවකදී. එහි වීඩියෝ දර්ශන කිහිපයක් පහත දැක්වෙනවා.

1. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
2. First Live TV Talk Show of Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
3. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
4. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
5. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
6. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
7. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
8. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
9. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
10. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
12. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
14. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
15. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003
17. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003

18. First Live TV Talk show by Horizon Lanka kids in 2003

ඉන්න බෑ – කොල්ලට විසේ


ඉහළ ශීර්ෂපාඨය මේ ලියවිල්ලට යොදන්න හිතුවේ පුංචි සිදුවීමක්. මම දවස් කීපයකට පෙර වවුනියාව සිට කොළඹ දක්වා යන රාත්‍රී බස් එකකට නැග්ගේ අනුරාධපුර, සාලියපුර කිට්ටුවෙන්. බස් එක අනුරාධපුරයෙන් නැවැත්තුවා මාකට් එක ළඟින්. මා සිටි ආසනයට ඉදිරියෙන් සිටි තරුණිය බස් එකෙන් බහිද්දී තවත් තරුණයෙක් (සමහර විට තරුණියගේ සහෝදරයෙක්, පෙම්වතා හෝ සැමියා වෙන්නැති) අර තරුණිය ළඟ වාඩිවී සිටි තරුණයාට තරවටු කළේ “දැන් දුන්නනේ උඹෙ ෆෝන් නම්බර් එක. කෝල් කරපන් එයාට උඹ චන්ඩියෙක්නම්. මීට පස්සෙ නම්බර් දුන්නොත් බලාගමු” වැන්නක් කියමින්. බස් එකේ සිටි තරුණයා කිසිවක් කරකියාගත නොහැකි නිසා නිහඬව සිටියා.

මගේ ප්‍රශ්නේ මේකයි. මේ තරුණයා ඒ තරුණියත් එක්ක කතා කරන්නත් ඇති. ෆෝන් නම්බර් එක දෙනකොට එයා ගන්නත් ඇති. (අනුමානකිරීම් පමණයි) ඒ අතරම තමන්ව එක්කන් යන්න ආව තරුණයාට මේ බව කියා කෙටි පණිවිඩයක් හෝ යවන්නත් ඇති. ඒත් ඒක තරවටු කරන්න තරම් නරක දෙයක්ද? තරුණ තරුණියන් හමුවූ විට මෙවැන්නක් සිදුවීම අතිශයින්ම සාමාන්‍යයි. තරුණිය අකමැති නම් නිහඩ වෙන්න පුළුවන්. තරුණයා සීමාව ඉක්මවලා යනවනම් බස් රතයේ කාට හරි නැත්නම් පොලීසියට හරි දන්වන්න පුළුවන්. නමුත් මිත්‍රත්වයක් ගොඩනගා ගන්න හදන අතිශයින්ම අහිංසක ක්‍රියාවලියකදී අයියාට හෝ පෙම්වතාට/සැමියාට කියා “ඉල්ලලා දෙන එක” අවශ්‍යද?

මම හිතන්නේ මේක අපේ රටේ  ගැහැනු ළමයින්ට කුඩා කළ සිටම ඇතිකරන නරක පෙළඹවීමක්. මා දැක තියෙනවා ප්‍රාතමික පන්තිවල ගැහැණු ළමුන්ට පවා පිරිමි ළමයෙක් අතිශයින්ම සාමාන්‍ය විහිළුවක් කළත් ප්‍රතික්‍රියා දක්වන්නේ, “ඉන්න බෑ. කොල්ලට විසේ” වැනි රළු ලෙසකින්. එහෙම නැතිව විහිළුවකට විහිළුවකින්ම පිළිතුරු දෙන්න මේ දරුවන්ට හුරු නොකරන්නේ ඇයි? මම මේ කියන්නේ සීමාව ඉක්මවා යන bullying (හිරිහැරකිරීම්) හෝ intimidation (තැතිගැන්වීම්) ගැන නෙවෙයි. අහිංසක සහ ගැටවර හෝ තරුණ වයසේ ඉතාම සාමාන්‍ය විහිළු තහළු ගැනයි.

සමහර විට මටත් මගේම දුවක් සිටියානම් මමත් බොහෝවිට අන් අය ලෙසින්ම හිතන්නටත් බැරි නැහැ.

LOOK AND LEARN – Number 07


Look and Learn Cover Page

Look and Learn was a British weekly educational magazine for children published by Fleetway Publications Ltd from 1962 until 1982. It contained educational text articles that covered a wide variety of topics from volcanoes to the Loch Ness Monster; a long running science fiction comic strip, The Trigan Empire; adaptations of famous works of literature into comic-strip form, such as Lorna Doone; and serialized works of fiction such as The First Men in the Moon.

The illustrators who worked on the magazine included Fortunino Matania, John Millar Watt, Peter Jackson, John Worsley, Ron Embleton, Gerry Embleton, C. L. Doughty, Wilf Hardy, Dan Escott, Angus McBride, Oliver Frey, James E. McConnell, Kenneth Lilly, R. B. Davis and Clive Uptton. (From Wikipedia.)

I thank Dilhan Payagala for sharing this valuable asset with me. I am publishing them here one by one and do not intend copyright infringement here.

LOOK AND LEARN – Number 02


Look and Learn was a British weekly educational magazine for children published by Fleetway Publications Ltd from 1962 until 1982. It contained educational text articles that covered a wide variety of topics from volcanoes to the Loch Ness Monster; a long running science fiction comic strip, The Trigan Empire; adaptations of famous works of literature into comic-strip form, such as Lorna Doone; and serialized works of fiction such as The First Men in the Moon.

The illustrators who worked on the magazine included Fortunino Matania, John Millar Watt, Peter Jackson, John Worsley, Ron Embleton, Gerry Embleton, C. L. Doughty, Wilf Hardy, Dan Escott, Angus McBride, Oliver Frey, James E. McConnell, Kenneth Lilly, R. B. Davis and Clive Uptton. (From Wikipedia.)

I thank  Dilhan Payagala for sharing this valuable asset with me. I am publishing them here one by one and do not intend copyright infringement here.

ISIS-ing the Entire Muslim Population of Sri Lanka


Zahran Hashim and the team with ISIS Flag

This article of mine first appeared on Colombo Telegraph website. See https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/isising-the-entire-muslim-population-of-sri-lanka/

Much water has gone under the bridge since the cowardly terrorist attacks on April 21, 2019 inside Sri Lankan Catholics’ and other Christian places of worship on one of Christendom’s holiest days, Easter Sunday, an unexpected massacre now being glibly referred to as the Easter Sunday Attacks

ISIS, the ruthless Muslim terrorist organization that has become a menace to the entire world, claimed responsibility for the dreadful attack after a few days, but all the perpetrators were found to be local Muslims. I was intrigued to write on this and the aftermath, but not being a career journalist, I had my own limitations on the access to the right information, just like it would be for many of you, as to what REALLY happened on that fateful Sunday. We, laymen, never expected this to happen after enjoying more or less 10 years of relative peace since the “guns were silenced” with the conclusion of the Civil War, or whatever you may call it. 

Let alone us, the general public, even the bigwigs of security establishments, seem not to have taken the impending radical Islam/Muslim terrorism’s early warnings in Sri Lanka. Whenever the subject in question came up in certain platforms we thought we were all seeing a storm in a teacup if not “crocodiles in a basin,” the local version of the idiom. Maybe those who alarmed us were not convincing enough due to the hatred, extremism, intolerance they themselves showed against Muslims in general in their awareness campaigns, so much so that we thought they are more extremist than the suspected group of people, the extremist radical Muslims.

I won’t budge on implicating those responsible for the constant failures by the government(s) in understanding early warnings sent by intelligence, scholars, futurists, about possible local Muslim terrorism growing under the radar as most of those sources are highly politicized, or biased, or made to look so by the politicians with hidden agendas and ulterior motives. 

From https://www.npr.org/2019/04/23/716337557/mass-funerals-begin-in-a-grieving-sri-lanka

With all this endless bickering, what was inevitable, which we feared happening, has happened and hundreds of kids, women and men were perished and left strewn into pieces by leaving them dead or seriously injured. The damage done to the tourism industry and the rest of the economy at large was so colossal, it will take eons for the country to recover fully. Above all, the esteemed image the country had earned as the World’s Best Tourist Destination by prestigious organizations with the conclusion of the Civil War and the subsequent relative calm and orderliness vanished beyond repair within a span of a couple of hours. Like it happened previously too, the country was headlined on leading international media, once again, unfortunately, for all the wrong reasons.

Zahran Hashim, the mastermind of the heinous attacks

Now we all know how the whole saga unfolded and the dirty politics behind it. Ignoring reliable intelligence reports and passing the buck after the catastrophe, showed how unprofessional the security establishment and how lethargic and shortsighted the so called leaders of the country are. They were infighting and in fact, it was that very reason that led to this avoidable carnage. Due to the same reason, our security forces that have eradicated, the then world’s most lethal terrorist organization, the LTTE, we lost a golden opportunity of arousing the country and eliminating Muslim fundamentalist terrorism for good. Politicians’ greed for votes resulted in the government failing to decimate these terrorists at the outset, as extremist Muslim politicians became stronger, while the government and the security forces became weaker. Can there be any more shame than that?

While His Eminence, Malcolm Cardinal Ranjith of the Archdiocese of Colombo did an exemplary job by pacifying the bereaved, grieving  and enraged citizens preventing islandwide riots, many others tried to make things worse by spreading hatred, and disrupt the then ongoing security measures too by creating unnecessary pressure on the security forces by diverting their attention to communal or interfaith riots that spread in some parts of the island. 

There is no use in criticizing the government, as we have been unlucky enough to see similar mishaps since Independence and they keep happening and no one in the higher echelons of power ever learn.  

It is true that the terrorist activities were supported by some Muslims without doubt while a few of them informed of suspected activities to the responsible authorities. Therefore, it is not fair to single out a community and punish them for heinous acts that were perpetrated, mainly due to the ineffectiveness of the rulers. We saw very well that even after a slaughter of this magnitude, politicians were trying to enhance their vote bases rather than punishing the culprits, their accomplices and the politicians and businessmen who either financed or protected them right from the beginning. Such traitors should be brought to the book and the maximum penalty imposed without any hesitation. as a result, is it fair to marginalize the Muslim brethren of the country and look at them as terrorists for crimes someone else committed? ISISing an entire community is too much of a punishment, overlooking ground realities.

I am not too sure how far the businesses owned by the Muslims have been affected by non-Muslims boycotting them. Maybe it will change in time and their businesses might recover if it is bad at the moment. Whether one likes it or not, Muslims are citizens of this country and also they comprise a sizable portion of the population and economy. Leaving them out totally will only encourage them to join extremist forces than remain in the mainstream, just like the infamous Black July in 1983 forced even moderate Tamils to join terrorist outfits in the hundreds of thousands. 

Even though it is extremely difficult to forget and forgive after such a devastating scale of a killing spree, we do not have a choice. If we don’t, there will be even worse repercussions. This does not in any way mean that we should give into violence or be complacent about any such possible attacks in future.  This is only to display unity and let everyone feel that they are a part of one nation. Muslims themselves have an even bigger role here to win back the damaged trust of the other communities in the country by chipping in, and sacrificing some of the privileges they enjoyed in the name of religion such as compromising to give up customized laws and agreeing to one common law for the entire country. Cultural differences are welcomed as they beautify the social fabric with the diversity, but extreme legal measures on common issues of the nation should be addressed by one law.

If you can remember well, when the late Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa after decades of apartheid, the white businessmen had many doubts as to whether their businesses would be affected with hatred unleashed on them by the majority black community. But Mandela ensured none of the white people’s business would be disturbed by the new black majority government. If the white people left South Africa with all their money South Africa would have ended up as a beggar nation. But Mandela being such a far-sighted statesman, foresaw the danger and prevented an exodus of investments out of South Africa. So, in the same way, ISIS-ing Sri Lankan Muslims is not the solution to the problem, but extending compassion instead, while at the same time the intelligence services and security forces are strengthened to ensure everyone’s safety.

Rehmat Ullah – A Pakistani School Principal Who Uses Facebook for School Development


Mr. Rehmat Ullah with some of his students

I came into contact with 38-year-old Mr. Rehmat Ullah from the village of Chaman, Balochistan Province, Pakistan through Facebook, through Mr. Rehan Allahwalah who promotes FB as a tool to connect people for peacebuilding, development and entrepreneurship skills enhancing.

Rehmat’s school, Iqra Asian International School was founded by him. In Pakistan, individuals can start a school as the government has no capacity to start schools in every village and small towns at the present time. Even though his school is titled as an “international school,” he runs it with very basic facilities as he cannot invest big amount of monies and cannot charge adequate fees from the low-income families in his area. 

Rehmat happened to communicate with me through FB during the last few years and I advised him with my experiences in fundraising. He had no access to a PC but did all his communication with an entry-level smartphone. It took a long time for him to change the attitudes towards technology due to lack of access to it. He learnt that there are easier ways to improve his school. Though both of us come from different countries, cultures and backgrounds there was one thing that we both believed in. Obviously, that was education. We both strongly believe that educating the younger generation can solve most of the social and developmental issues that countries in our region face. So, we had several chats over IM and he started changing. And it was his students who reaped the benefits of his change. The number of students in the school has increased to 212 (190 boys and 22 girls) from the mere 9 at the inception of the school.

He opened his FB account in 2014 and now has 4996 friends and only shy of 4 friends to come to the maximum number of friends the social networking giant allows. He is also followed by 7,111 people on FB. His FB moniker is https://www.facebook.com/rehmatullah.rehmat.566

He spends around 10 hours per day with FB despite his other duties as the Headmaster of the school. He spends around 30 USD per month for his internet bill. He started using Facebook extensively and promoted his work in educating the children in his school. He does not want to limit his services to his school. His broad vision is to extend his support to the whole Balochistan Province which is one of the least developed provinces in Pakistan. Balochistan is also facing constant violence due to terrorism.

Rehmat is a graduate in political science from the University of Balochistan in Pakistan. He upgraded his degree to the postgraduate level at the same university. He speaks and writes fluent English. 

These are the three biggest achievements for his community with FB.

  1. Finding donors for his School in Chaman. (Iqra Asian International School) 
  2. Providing the course books, stationery and lunch for the students.
  3. Getting 2 computers through donors. (But they are not working now)
  4. Constructing 2 toilets 
  5. Building a computer lab (no computers yet though.)
  6. Providing solar portable and street lights to the community in Balochistan through Mr. Vaqas Butt from ACE Welfare Foundation, Pakistan and the Executive Director of Liter of Light.

Rehmat does not want to have a total blackout of Facebook for teenagers. His message to the teenagers is to ensure the positive use of FB under the guidance of teachers and adults. Rehmat’s biggest challenge with Facebook is that he doesn’t have a good team who can use social media in a more productive way. He has to do everything on his own. Maybe others can help him as online volunteers to maintain his school Facebook account: https://www.facebook.com/Iqra-Asian-International-Public-School-Chaman-977366225635204/

He also advocates other teachers in Pakistan to get connected via Facebook with the teachers and schools around the world in order to learn new techniques and methods of teaching.

Rehmat uses live streaming the school events extensively through Facebook to get the donors’ attention. He has to pay the internet bill out of his pocket for this.

He does not charge money from the students and totally depends on donors. The children in the area cannot afford to pay. He also wants your help to provide incentives to encourage the parents to send the female students to join the school. At the moment there are only 22.

Contact him via the following contact details.

Iqra Asian International School, Murda Kareaz Road, Chaman, Balochistan, Pakistan

Email rehmatullahrehmatachak@gmail.com

Mobile 00923438031640

Facebook Handle https://www.facebook.com/rehmatullah.rehmat.566

WhatsApp Number 00923438031640

Was Ms. Vijayakala Maheswaran Wrong? – Column 04 of From the Palmyra Peninsular to the Rest of Sri Lanka | තල් අරණින් ලක් දෙරණට


This post was original written for Colombo Telegraph. You can read it at https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/was-ms-vijayakala-maheswaran-wrong/ and join the discussion as it has a wider audience than my blog.

For most of you, this could be stale news. But I thought of writing this piece even at a later time after Vijayakala Maheswaran’s controversial speech. My first hand experiences in the North since June this year made me write this piece. Being 6 months in the North on and off (at least 3 weeks per each month) won’t be enough for me to come to a right conclusion about the subject but I would report what I saw. I don’t speak Tamil but can manage with the little English I know and sometimes in Sinhala as I found many people I meet in the North can speak some Sinhala. Besides, I think I am good at the universal language, the sign language 

I have no connection or whatsoever with the then State Minister of Women and Children’s Affairs, Ms. Vijayakala Maheswaran. I even didn’t know if such one ever existed before her speech came to the limelight. But with all those hullaballoos about her “controversial” speech at Veerasingham Hall Jaffna on July 02, 2018, I thought of reading the full English translation of her speech “for the heck of it.”

Apart from the controversial and illegal part of “reviving the LTTE,” I don’t find anything wrong in what she talked in the rest of her speech. Ms. Maheshwaran must be really lucky not to be in jail for talking about reviving a ruthless terrorist outfit that dragged the country back to the Stone Age, literally. If this speech was made in any other sovereign state, she would have been counting the bars in a cell by now. But Sri Lanka is a funny country with funnier constitution which is less funny than a Kushwant Singh’s sarcastic column! I would refrain from making any comment about judiciary here as, at this age, I don’t have much time left to be in a secluded cell for several years. I have better things to in my life.

Velupillai Prabhakaran, the slain leader of the LTTE Terrorist Group – Courtesy – https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/ltte-chief-prabhakaran-exdeputy-was-raw-mole-book-335249-2016-08-15

About child abuse/rape/killing which Ms. Maheshwaran talks, she is right. It is true these were not committed by the Sri Lankan military but mostly, the people of the neighborhood were the perpetrators. (There are some allegations that Ms. Maheshwaran herself tried to save one such accused of the high school girl Vidya rape and subsequent killing being, I don’t know.) What I do know is that the post-LTTE era has compromised the rigid law and order which had been implemented in the North by the terrorists. So, naturally, maybe the people might think that the “known devil” was better.

Raped and murdered high school student Vidhya and the accused perpetrators of the crime – Courtesy – http://247latestnews.com/category/sri-lanka/page/23/

It was the same with the extensive substance abuse by the youth and the men at large in the North. The LTTE was trafficking drugs to sustain their organization but they did not sell them in Sri Lanka, well, at least not in the North. Drug trafficking was one of their main ways of illegal fundraising to the so called “liberation struggle” but they ensured the drugs would not make their way to the North. But now, after the conclusion of the bloody war, one can read from the press that large hauls of drugs are being captured by the police and the Special Task Force (STF) in the North and East. I myself have seen numerous times the youth spend hours under street lights in Jaffna just loitering till late hours of the night. I cannot see what they do but I just have a friendly word or two and find most of them are intoxicated. I don’t think this happened during the LTTE era.

Leaders of the
Deshapremi Janatha Wyaparaya Terrorist Group – Courtney – https://www.facebook.com/Deshapremi.Janatha.Viyaparaya/

Terrorism should be condemned at any level, but didn’t the women in the South themselves kind of “approve” the rigid jungle laws implemented by “Deshapremi Janatha Wyaparaya” – the terrorist unit of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) for that matter? People, especially women, love to see the men being controlled at least by a terrorist outfit if the authorities cannot do their job any better?

A haul of cannabis arrested in Jaffna – Courtesy – https://www.tamilguardian.com/content/sri-lankan-navy-seizes-835kg-cannabis-jaffna

I am not a legal expert. But as everyone knows damn well, atrocities were committed from both sides during and the immediate aftermath of the war. There is no point in harping on these forever. A government military has to abide by the international ethics of war no matter how hard it is. They will be forced to retaliate when the opposite happens from a terrorist group. But this is why a state military is trained how to become a professional military. One cannot justify an illegal retaliatory action a state military commits by pointing at a ruthless terrorist or guerrilla group’s heinous acts. This is where the state military has to draw the margin. A terrorist organization has the luxury of ignoring international war ethics. This is why they are called “terrorists.” So, the better thing to do is to forgive and forget. There are allegations and reportedly, hard evidence too, of atrocities committed by both the military and the terrorists according to what I read, hear and see. So, why not we go to a South African model Truth and Reconciliation Commission in which all parties are pardoned and integrated to the society? It is never too late, even after 9 years of conclusion of war.


Truth and Reconciliation Commission, South Africa
Members of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission—including Dr. Alex Boraine (second from left), deputy chair; Archbishop Desmond Tutu (centre), chair; and Rev. Bongani Finca (right), commissioner—at the commission’s first hearing, April 1996, East London, S.Af.
Courtesy – https://www.britannica.com/topic/Truth-and-Reconciliation-Commission-South-Africa/media/607421/140426

I am not the best person to comment on Ms. Maheshwaran’s complaint on Thenmaratchi not being named as a separate district. The same is requested for Kalmunai by the Muslim politicians. My personal view is that there are more sensitive things to pay attention on at this stage rather than creating more divisions on demands of this nature. First, let us work on what we can agree, and then the rest. Let’s not complicate things anymore. Enough damage has happened for three decades and let’s forget some of not-so-important issues.

Thenmaratchi Map – Courtesy Google Maps

Maybe I am wrong, but I cannot rule out the possibility of a long term plan by the authorities to weaken the youths and the men in the North by getting them addicted to drugs and then their “possible” revival with an armed struggle could be foiled in a cheaper way. This happened to the Chinese under the British rule during colonial times. It could happen here too. But, then again, I have never seen any Sri Lankan leader designing such long term plans for anything good or bad. They just want to see the results before the next election comes after 5 to 6 years and reap the cheap benefits by that time. So, long term planning is the last thing one could expect from such shortsighted leaders I guess.

Nanda Wanninayaka’s Presentation on “ICT and Automation for Rural Development.”


Nanda Wanninayaka at the International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability (ICIAfS) – 2018.
Nanda Wanninayaka at the International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability (ICIAfS) – 2018.

Following is the succinct transcription of the presentation on ICT & Automation for Rural Developmentmade by me (Nanda Wanninayaka),  at the Galadari Hotel in Colombo on December 22, 2018 at the International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability (ICIAfS) – 2018.

“Good evening everybody. I am not certain as to why Dr. 
Thrishantha Nanayakkara invited me to do a presentation at an Engineers Symposium as I am not an engineer but only an artist.

I usually do not do my presentations with Microsoft PowerPoint because they say, “Power corrupts and PowerPoint corrupts absolutely.” Therefore, let us watch this video made by volunteer Pakistani artists who visited the Horizon Lanka Foundation in 2015 as it is played in the background, with a reduced soundtrack while my speech goes on.

We started Horizon Academy in Mahawilachchiya 20 years ago and now, we have branched out to 5 villages in Anuradhapura, Nuwara Eliya and Jaffna districts providing English (and other languages), ICT (and other technologies) while entertaining extracurricular activities such as playschool, fine arts, and sports.

We utilize local and foreign volunteers’ contributions extensively in our teaching. Local university students, young professionals from the IT industry and other areas of interest teach the students free of charge during weekends and also, scores of foreign volunteers teach the students during weekdays. These are still largely untapped talent that has enormous potential to take education in Sri Lanka to the next level.

At Horizon Academies we offer “edutainment” rather than the boring teaching methods used in traditional classroom-based education offered at public schools and at private tuition institutes. There is no point in repeating the public-school syllabuses, textbooks and past examination papers targeting term tests and national level exams which are once again repeated at a faster pace at private tuition classes all over again. We do not even touch those at Horizon Academies. We don’t assign homework to the students. We teach in a natural environment outside classrooms. Kids play, walk around the village, go bathing/swimming in rivers and lakes, go shopping, watch movies, go on field trips & so forth with the teachers and they learn languages and technology while doing such entertaining and exciting activities. Horizon Academy’s tagline is “The Edutainment Academy of Sri Lanka.”

Thanks to these non-conventional methods, the sons and daughters of farmers, laborers, fishermen & traders ended up being software & network engineers, doctors, lawyers, accountants, teachers and professionals in other fields. Now I am very happy to hear them speak better English than I do. They have built houses, purchased vehicles and have married early (unlike waiting till the mid-30s like me), they have become totally independent at a younger age.

We at Horizon Lanka, use a lot of modern technologies for teaching. We use the internet, emailing, Instant Messenger (IM) programs, smartphones for teaching in innovative ways. We covered Mahawilachchiya with a village-wide free unlimited Wi-Fi mesh network way back in 2006, 10 years before the present government introduced limited free Wi-Fi to some hotspots in cities in Sri Lanka.Wi-Fi Mesh Network in Mahawilachchiya – English
Wi-Fi Mesh Network in Mahawilachchiya – Sinhala

We invited Mr. Lalith Weeratunga, the then Secretary to the President, in his capacity as the Chairman of the Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (TRC) since he helped getting the permission to deploy the network in Mahawilachchiya during the war time and in addition, he was a well-wisher of Horizon Lanka for a long time.

When he visited Mahawilachchiya to officially commission the free Wi-Fi network, we trained 3 girls & 3 boys who were 11-year-olds to do the presentation in English by utilizing laptops and slides. Mr. Weeratunga was pleasantly surprised and reported this to the then President Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksaabout how effective & progressive Horizon Lanka Foundation was in education and technology in Mahawilachchiya. President Rajapaksa, in his capacity of the Finance Minister, included a proposal into the national budget of 2007 to allocate 100 million LKR to replicate Horizon Lanka model academies in each 300 + Divisional Secretariat Divisions in Sri Lanka. The budget was passed with a heavy majority but alas! Not a single cent came our way to Mahawilachchiya or elsewhere as a very obnoxious Sri Lankan IT professor exercised his despicable powers over the President and sabotaged the whole plan. This odious man died a few months later but did enough damage before exiting the planet.

We did not ask for the government’s help. But I know Mr. Weeratunga, in all honesty, & sincerity, desired to help and this was the reason he influenced the President. But what happened was a total tragedy for Horizon Lanka, when the government and media published this “100-million-LKR allocation” story all our regular donors came under the impression that Horizon Lanka was now well funded & taken care of, hence they diverted their help to other organizations and we were the ultimate losers.

When I was absolutely convinced that the “100-million-LKR” promise was false   (like many similar ones) and we had already lost our regular donors, I spoke to one of the officers at the Presidential Office and inquired whether I could publish a story on our website about the broken promise so that the rest of the world & our former donors would become aware of what exactly took place. But he stated something to the effect that if I did that, I would be considered as a “persona non grata” who discredits the government and will be dealt with. Well, we all know what this meant during those times.

The end result of all this being; Horizon Lanka Foundation’s funding dried up and all the good work was downgraded, eventually having to close for 3 years before we resumed it in 2014 with hardly any money in the bank account.

That, my dear friends, reminded me of one of the most famous quotes by the late American President Mr. Ronald Reagan. He said, “The most terrifying words in the English language are: I’m from the government and I’m here to help.”R

Therefore friends, if you want to do anything for this country, do it before the government messes it up. 
Thank you very much for your attention.”

Dr. Thrishantha Nanayakkara
A part of the audience at International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability (ICIAfS) – 2018